How to Avoid Coronavirus in 2020?
The Most Important Thing Is Prevention!
How to protect yourself
There are currently no vaccines available to protect you against human coronavirus infection. You may be able to reduce your risk of infection by doing the following
- wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds
- avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth with unwashed hands
- avoid close contact with people who are sick
- boost your immune system
How to protect others
If you have cold-like symptoms, you can help protect others by doing the following
- stay home while you are sick
- avoid close contact with others
- cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze, then throw the tissue in the trash and wash your hands
- clean and disinfect objects and surfaces
Is wearing a mask effective in avoiding coronavirus?
Many of the people photographed in China have been wearing a mask in an effort to prevent contracting the virus, but is that truly an effective way of preventing its spread?
For people who are infected, masks can help to prevent the spread of droplets associated with respiratory illness, experts say.
“If you’re unwell and you wear a mask yes it can be effective because obviously you’re not coughing into your hand so you’re not going to shake someone else’s hand… you interrupt that method of transmission,” said MacDermott.
Masks to protect people from actually contracting the illness have to be biological grade masks, which are often pricey but other masks become damp as we breathe, and if someone were to cough on them, it could make matters worse, she added.
Surgeons, for example, wear masks to protect their patients from germs, not to protect themselves.
“If an individual is infected…a face mask would help prevent transmission to others,” said Jennifer Lighter, a hospital epidemiologist and assistant professor of pediatric infectious diseases at the NYU Grossman School of Medicine. But “there is no reason for the general population to wear face masks,” she said.
Ultimately, “multiple protective approaches always work best”, according to Pekosz. “Masks should minimise exposure, but they should be combined with good hand hygiene and social distancing.”
Should hygiene be improved at markets?
This novel coronavirus — designated 2019-nCoV by the World Health Organization — started at a wholesale fish and live animal market in Wuhan, China where different animal species were sold, according to the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control.
The virus was first contracted from an animal but it was later confirmed that humans could infect other humans. Experts say that regulations need to be put in place to prevent exotic animals or livestock from coming into contact with food.
“Live animal markets allow animals and humans to come into close contact. That facilitates the movement of viruses and bacteria between species,” said Pekosz.
He says that these markets have been the source of “multiple animal-to-human infections over the past 30 years”.
People also need to take care to cook meat and reduce exposures to raw meat. Washing and cleaning meat properly is key, said Mishra at Columbia University.
Experts still do not know what animal the novel coronavirus originated from, though typically it will come from animals that normally would not have exposure to humans, experts say.
“At this time it is unclear how the virus spread from animal to person. It is also unclear how durable or transmissible the virus is,” said Lighter, so experts can’t yet draw conclusions regarding hygiene.
There are no specific treatments for illnesses caused by human coronaviruses. Most people with common human coronavirus illness will recover on their own. However, you can do some things to relieve your symptoms
- take pain and fever medications (Caution: do not give Aspirin to children)
- use a room humidifier or take a hot shower to help ease a sore throat and cough
If you are mildly sick, you should
- drink plenty of liquids
- stay home and rest
If you are concerned about your symptoms, you should see your healthcare provider.